China’s BRI Turns Ten: Debt or Diplomatic Traps, Why India’s Resistance Matters

In a subtle diplomatic move that overlapped with the BRI forum in Beijing, the Indian position was reiterated by NSA Ajit Doval at a security chief meeting in Kazakhstan on 17 October where he noted that it is important to ensure that connectivity initiatives are “consultative, transparent and participatory.” He also added that such initiatives ought to respect the “sovereignty and territorial integrity of all countries” and adhere to environmental parameters, ensure financial viability, and not become debt burdens.

Seemingly responding to this aspersion on the integrity with which the BRI is being managed till now, President Xi made an important announcement as part of the eight verticals to be pursued over the next few years.

It was announced that China will release the Achievements and Prospects of Belt and Road Integrity Building and the High-Level Principles of Belt and Road Integrity Building; and establish an Integrity and Compliance Evaluation System for Companies Involved in Belt and Road Cooperation. Furthermore, Xi added, “We will also work with international organizations to carry out research and training on promoting integrity in Belt and Road cooperation.”